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Prostate Cancer

                                          

Prostate cancer is treatable, and many treatment options exist. If you’re diagnosed with prostate cancer, things to consider before deciding on treatment are your age, general state of health, and severity of disease.

Talking to our physicians about your treatment options will help get you on the path to recovery.

Overview

Symptoms

During the early stages, most men will not notice any symptoms of prostate cancer. If the cancer grows and spreads outside of the prostate, some men may experience:

  • Pain
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Weight loss. 

Please remember that some symptoms could also indicate other prostate conditions, such as an enlarged prostate.

Major Risk Factors

  • Age (in the U.S., the majority of all prostate cancers are found in men over the age of 65.)
  • Family history of prostate cancer
  • Obesity
  • High-fat diet

Treatments

Surveillance

When a patient has low risk disease, is older, or not healthy enough for treatment, surveillance may be an option. This may be “active surveillance” where the intent is to treat the cancer for cure when low risk disease appears to advance to a point where treatment is necessary. “Watchful waiting” is generally used for patients that have less than a 10 year life expectancy. In this situation, the intent is to just control the disease and prevent complications of the cancer.

Radiation Therapy

There are two main methods to deliver radiation:

  • Externally – IMRT: uses high-energy x-ray beams to kill cancer cells
  • Internally – Brachytherapy: small radioactive implants are inserted into the prostate to kill cancer cells
  • Sometimes these treatment techniques are combined

Hormone Therapy

When prostate cancer is no longer curable, or a patient can no  longer tolerate curative treatment, hormonal therapy may be chosen. Hormone therapy is used to prevent cancer cells from growing. The goal is to either stop your body from producing testosterone, which can stimulate cancer cell growth, or to block testosterone from entering cancer cells.

Robotic-Assisted Treatments

  • Radical Prostatectomy
  • Cryotherapy

Urology Associates is proud to offer patients the latest, most advanced, and safest treatment options.
Click below to read more on the two robotic-assisted treatments patients can receive for prostate cancer.