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Low Testosterone

                                          

Testosterone is the male sex hormone that is made in the testicles. Testosterone hormone levels are important for normal male sexual development and functions.
Low Testosterone levels in men is referred to as Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome (TD) or Low Testosterone (Low-T).

Overview

Symptoms

  • Reduced sex drive
  • Reduced erectile function
  • Fatigue
  • Reduced lean muscle mass
  • Loss of body hair 
  • Symptoms of depression

Major Risk Factors

  • Age (20% of men over 60, 30% of men over 70, and 50% of men over 80)
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic Syndrome (high blood pressure, high blood sugar, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and belly fat)
  • HIV/AIDS

Treatments

Testosterone Therapy

Testosterone therapy can be administered in five different ways. Your physician will help choose which method is most useful for you and your specific needs. 

  • Transdermal (Topical): Topical medicines are administered via gels, creams, liquids, and patches to the external of the skin. 
  • Injection: Testosterone injections are available in both short-acting and long-acting forms and administered either weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly. 
  • Oral/Buccal (By Mouth): The Buccal dose comes in a path that you place above your canine tooth. This medication looks like a tablet, but it should not be chewed or swallowed. 
  • Intranasal: This form of testosterone comes in a gel that is pumped into each nostril as directed. 
  • Pellets: Testosterone Pellets are inserted under the skin of your upper hip or buttocks and dissolves slowly as the medication is released over the course of 3-6 months.