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Kidney Cancer

                                          

There are several types of cancer that can develop in the kidneys. The most common form is renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which accounts for nearly 85% of all cases. In RCC, cancerous cells develop in the lining of the kidney’s tubules and develop into a tumor. A single tumor develops in most cases, but more than one tumor can develop within one or both kidneys.

Overview

Symptoms

Below are possible signs that kidney cancer has developed. Many of these tumors are found when imaging (mainly a CT scan) is done for unrelated reasons.

  • Abdominal mass or lump
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Fever
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Pain in the side (flank) or back
  • Fatigue
  • Rapid, unexplained weight loss
  • Swelling (edema) in the legs and ankles

Major Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Certain workplace exposures
  • Genetic and hereditary risk factors
  • Family history of kidney cancer
  • High blood pressure 
  • End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

Patients who have the conditions listed below have a higher risk for getting kidney cancer:

  • Von Hippel-Lindau disease
  • Hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma
  • Hereditary leiomyoma-renal cell carcinoma
  • Birt-Hogg-Dube (BHD) syndrome
  • Hereditary renal oncocytoma

Treatments

Through eliminating the cancer, our physicians always try to preserve as much of your existing kidney function as possible. Our team of trained professionals will thoroughly assess your needs and preferences to determine the best approach for you.

Minimally Invasive Surgery

Our physicians are highly trained and have extensive experience with laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgical approaches.

Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy

A scope and small instruments are used to remove the entire kidney, the surrounding fat, part of the ureter and possibly the adjacent adrenal gland.

Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy

In a partial nephrectomy, just the tumor with a margin of normal kidney tissue is removed rather than the entire organ.

Laparoscopic Renal Cryotherapy

Ablative therapy is another minimally invasive treatment which uses a freezing technique to eliminate the cancer cells without surgically removing the tumor.